An experimental study of the flow in the area of influence of a cylinder immersed in the free convective boundary layer on a vertical surface

Experimental technique and devices

New experimental data that quantitatively characterize fields of the mean velocity and temperature, the intensity of temperature and velocity pulsations, and also velocity-temperature correlations in the near zone of a circular cylinder placed on the vertical heated surface at the height corresponding to the fully turbulent flow regime have been presented. Systematic measurements in the middle vertical plane (the plane that contains the cylinder axis) were performed using constant temperature anemometer and resistance temperature detectors. The experimental data was compared with numerical simulation one obtained through solving the RANS equations. The overall data were in good agreement and indicated the cardinal restructuring of the flows both before the cylinder (where the horseshoe-shaped vortex formed) and behind the obstacle (in the near separated area and the recovery one of the natural convective near-wall layer).